UK By-Elections 1945 – 08 December 2016
3 Polish Candidates (including 1 Polish MP) in 502 By-Elections since 1945
|UK By-Elections||No. of
|1945 - 1950 (38th Parliament)||52||NIL||NIL|
|1950 - 1951 (39th Parliament)||16||NIL||NIL|
|1951 - 1955 (40th Parliament)||48||NIL||NIL|
|1955 - 1959 (41st Parliament)||52||NIL||NIL|
|1959 - 1964 (42nd Parliament)||63||NIL||NIL|
|1964 - 1966 (43rd Parliament)||13||NIL||NIL|
|1966 - 1970 (44th Parliament)||38||NIL||NIL|
|1970 - 1974 (45th Parliament)||30||NIL||NIL|
|1974 - 1974 (46th Parliament)||1||NIL||NIL|
|1974 - 1979 (47th Parliament)||30||1||NIL|
|1979 - 1983 (48th Parliament)||20||NIL||NIL|
|1983 - 1987 (49th Parliament)||31||NIL||NIL|
|1987 - 1992 (50th Parliament)||24||NIL||NIL|
|1992 - 1997 (51st Parliament)||18||1||1|
|1997 - 2001 (52nd Parliament)||17||NIL||NIL|
|2001 - 2005 (53rd Parliament)||6||NIL||NIL|
|2005 - 2010 (54th Parliament)||14||1||NIL|
|2010 - 2015 (55th Parliament)||21||NIL||NIL|
|2015 - Present (56th Parliament)||8||NIL||NIL|
|Number of By-Elections since 1945 =||502||3 Polish Candidates||1 Polish MP|
3 Polish Candidates in By-Elections 1945 – 08 December 2016
|05 May 1994||Rotherham||Labour||Elected||14,912||25.9%||6,954|
Denis MacShane was born Matyjaszek and brought up in Ealing. He worked for BBC (1969 - 1977) who (racially) forced him to drop his Polish surname. After he left the BBC, he rose to be the President of the National Union of Journalists (1978-79)
By-Election due to the death of the Labour MP Jimmy Boyce (massive 17,561 Majority at the 1992 General Election), MacShane was chosen to replace him. At the time, MacShane was the Director of the European Policy Institute. He subsequently won 4 Elections (1997, 2001, 2005 and 2010) & served 18 years as a Labour MP.
He was the Minister for Europe (2002 - 2005). Ironically, he was forced to resign (05 November 2012) due to submitting false Parliamentary invoices totalling some £ 13,000 and has subsequently been charged with False Accounting (Theft Act 1968). A By-Election was subsequently held at MacShane's constituency, (Rotherham, 29 November) won by Sarah Champion, Labour.
||23 July 2009||Norwich North||Labour||2nd||6,243||18.2%|
By-Election due to the resignation of the Labour MP Ian Gibson who was banned for standing as a Labour candidate for the next General Election. Christopher Ostrowski was chosen to replace him by the Labour Party (Ian Gibson won his seat with a Labour Majority of 5,461 at the previous 2005 General Election).
Unfortunately, Ostrowski came 2nd to the winner, Chloe Smith (Conservative Party) who reversed the Labour Majority into a very large Conservatory Majority of 7,348. She became the youngest Member of the House of Commons ("Baby of the House").
||04 November 1976||Walsall North||Liberal||5th||1,212||3.24%|
By-Election due to the resignation of the MP John Stonehouse (English National Party/ENP) who faked his own death (he was eventually discovered living in Australia). Though John Stonehouse's majority was a massive 15,885 at the 1974 General Election (originally as a Labour MP before John Stonehouse changed to ENP), ENP decided not to contest this By-Election so the seat reveresed back to Labour.
Frances Oborski was heavily involved in Polish Solidarity campaign (early 1980s) and is currently the Polish Honorary Consul for the West Midlands whose late husband was a local Councillor and also a member of Polskie Pokolenie Powojenne.
She is currently the longest serving member of the Wye Forest Council (30 years) having been the Chairman of numerous Committees. She was also the Mayor of Kidderminster (1984-85) and is currently a member of the Liberal Party National Executive.
Apart from the 1976 By-Election, she also stood three more times as a Liberal candidate (Staffordshire South, 1987, 2nd), (Stoke-on-Trent Central, 1997, 6th) and (Wye Forest, 2005, 4th) as well as being a candidate for the European Parliamentary Election in 1989.
|Dataset compiled by Christopher Marek Rencki|