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 A message from our President, General Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank

'I am delighted to be associated with the work of the Polish Heritage Society and very honoured to serve as its President. The Society's work highlights the enormous contribution which generations of Poles have made to their adopted country. Preserving and celebrating that heritage will only further strengthen the ties between Poland and the United Kingdom.

I worked closely with the Society on the project to build a memorial to the Polish Forces at the National Memorial Arboretum and saw at first hand the energy and dedication of those involved.

I encourage you to explore this website and learn about the many other projects the Society has sponsored. Do please contact us if you would like to be involved in any way'.

General The Lord Guthrie of Craigiebank GCB LVO OBE

A Debt of Dishonour is a unique documentary film dedicated Major General Sosabowski and all ranks who served in the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group and to their Comrades-in-Arms of the 1st British Airborne Division that fought in the ill-fated “Operation Market Garden” at Arnhem and Driel during September 1944.

Sto Lat-Albert Hall


The Polish Heritage Society

Poland: A compilation of 269 online links

This compilation of online links related to Poland has been compiled by Christopher Marek Rencki FRAI, Director of PHS

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Historical Summary

Coat of Arms of the Polish Crown
  History of Poland

  Poland Websites (20 categories / 156 topics)

  Poland – Encyclopaedia Britannica (39 pages)

  Kingdoms of Eastern Europe - Poland

  The Very Concise Timeline of Poland

  Poland History – Family Search

  Emigration from Poland – Historical Perspective
Polish State Eagle
  Name of Poland

  Unofficial Mottos of Poland

  Category : Poland History Templates

  Category : Poland Military Templates

  Template : Polish Truces and Peace Treaties

  YouTube: Norman Davies on Polish History

  YouTube: History of Poland in London

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – People

•  List of Polish People / 48 categories, 1,745 people)

  Orders, Decorations, and Medals of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Monarchy

Miezko I King of PolandMiezko I First King of Poland
from 962–992

  List of 92 Polish Monarchs

  List of Polish Monarchs

  List of 62 Polish Consorts

  Coronation of the Polish Monarch

  Royal Coronations in Poland

  Kings of Poland Family Tree

  Royalty of Poland (93 projects)

  Category : Polish Royalty

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Titled Nobility

  List of Polish titled nobility

  Category : Polish Princes of the Holy Roman Empire (39 pages)

  Category : Polish Princesses (54 pages)

  Category : Polish Nobility

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Szlachta (Nobility)

“Gryf” coat of arms used by many noble families in medieval Poland. “Gryf” Coat of Arms used by many noble families in medieval Poland.

  Polish History – Szlachta (Nobility)

  List of Szlachta

  Zwiazek Szlachty Polskiej

  Polish Society and the Szlachta

  Polish Nobility and its Heraldry
  Polish Heraldry and Nobility : A Brief Introduction
  Polish Heraldry and Nobility


  Polish Heraldry

  Polish Genealogy

  Polish Roots

  Heraldic Family

  Polish Heraldry - Images

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Flag of Poland

Royal Banner of Stanisław II of PolandRoyal Banner of Stanisław II of Poland

  Flag of Poland

  List of Polish Flags

  The Flag of Poland

  The Flag of Poland – Description

  List of Polish Naval and Maritime Flags

  Symbols of Poland

  Banner of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Coat of Arms

Coat of Arms of the Polish-Lithuanian CommonwealthCoat of Arms of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  Coat of Arms of Poland
  Coat of Arms of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
  Coat of Arms of Lithuania

  Belarusian Heraldry

  List of 34 Polish Nobility Coats of Arms

  List of Polish Nobility Coats of Arms Images

  Polish Family Crest
  Polish Coats of Arms

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Atlas

Map of Poland XVIII CenturyMap of Poland XVIII Century

  Atlas of Poland (inc.124 historical maps)

  Historical Atlas of Poland (PGSA)
  Historical Atlas of Poland (WHKMLA)
  Poland - A Historical Atlas
  Territorial Evolution of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Categories (102 subcategories / 891 pages)

Jozef PilsudskiJózef Piłsudski, Chief of State, "First Marshal", and leader of the Second Polish Republic (1918–1922).

  Category : History of Poland (966 – 1385) : 5 Subcategories / 65 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1385 – 1569) : 6 subcategories / 60 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1569 – 1795) : 21 subcategories / 192 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1795 – 1918) : 23 subcategories / 79 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1918 – 1939) : 10 subcategories / 169 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1939 – 1945) : 6 subcategories / 118 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1945 – 1989) : 16 subcategories / 141 pages
  Category : History of Poland (1989 – Present) : 15 subcategories / 67 pages

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Very Early History

Archeologia Bielsko - kultura łuzyckaLusatian culture artifacts from 1450 to 250 BC.

  Prehistory and Protohistory of Poland
  Stone-Age Poland
  Bronze and Iron-Age Poland
  Poland in Antiquity

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Medieval History

Medieval chess set found in Sandomierz, Poland.Medieval chess set found in Sandomierz, Poland.

•  Poland in the Early Middle Ages
  Poland’s History – Early Middle Ages (960 – 1400)
  Poland in the Middle Ages
  The origins of the Polish State
  Poland in the Early Chronicles
  Culture of Medieval Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History - Piast

Janusz I Starszy seal 1376Pedestrian seal of Janusz I, ca. 1376.

  History of Poland during the Piast Dynasty (966 – 1385)
  Piast Dynasty
  The Piast Dynasty until Fragmentation
  The Piast History of Europe (1066 – 1370) Part 1
  The Piast History of Europe (1066 – 1370) Part 2

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Jagiellonian

Władysław II JagiełłoWładysław II Jagiełło

  History of Poland during the Jagiellonian Dynasty (1385 – 1572)
  Jagiellonian Dynasty
  Jagiellonians : Dynasty, Memory and Identity in Central Europe
  Images for Jagiellonian Dynsaty
  Images for Jagiellonian Era

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Great Chorazy of the Polish CrownGrand Standard Bearer of the Crown (Chorąży Wielki Koronny), Sebastian Sobieski.

  History of Poland in the Early Modern era (1569 – 1795)
  The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569 - 1795) Part 2 – Calamatias Regnum / Part 3 – The Fall

  Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (102 pictures & maps)

  Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

  The Empire of Poland and the Baltic Nations

  Images for Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth


PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569 – 1648)

Krasiczyn castleKrasiczyn castle constructed 1580-1631

   History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569 – 1648)

   Images for Poland (1569 – 1648)

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1648 - 1764)

Battle of Berestechko 1651Battle of Berestechko 1651 by Artur Orlionov

   History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1648 – 1764)
  Images for Poland (1648 – 1764)

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764 - 1795)

•  History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764 – 1795)

•  Third Partition of Poland

•  Images for the Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commowealth

•  Images of the Collapse of Poland in 1795

•  What led to Poland’s Demise in 1795?

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Partitioned

   Partitions of Poland

   The Periods of Partitions (1772 – 1918)

   History of Poland (1795 – 1918)

   Images of History of Poland (1795 – 1918)
  Poland's Road to Independence in 10 Paintings (1795-1920)

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Independence

   History of Poland (1918 – 1939)

  Second Polish Republic

  The Interwar Period (1918 – 1939)

  Poland in the Interwar Period

  Images of History of Poland (1918 – 1939) : 910 pictures including 212 maps

  East Central Europe : Poland 1919 – 1939

  Demographic Situation in Poland (1918 – 1939)

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Military (General)

   List of 424 Battles involving Poland (before 1918)
  Polish Military History

  History of the Polish Army

  List of 666 Polish Generals

  History of Polish Intelligence Services

  Polish Army Museum (Warsaw)

  Polish Air Force

  Polish Aviation Museum (Krakow)

  Polish Navy

  List of 27 Polish Admirals

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – World War II

Polish Armed Forces War Memorial National Memorial Arboretum The Polish Armed Forces War Memorial at the National Memorial Arboretum, United Kingdom.

  Poland during WWII: A Photographic Archive

  History of Poland (1939 – 1945)

  German Invasion of Poland

  icon Professor Roman Rencki (Lwów University – UJK)

  icon Profesor Roman Rencki (Uniwersytet Lwowski – UJK)

  icon Niemiecka masakra profesorow we Lwówieckie

  icon Leszek Andrzej Rencki (Son of Professor Roman Rencki)

  icon Leszek Andrzej Rencki (Syn profesora Romana Renckiego)

  icon Marek Krzysztof Rencki FRAI ((Son of Leszek Andrzej Rencki) 

  Soviet Invasion of Poland

  Soviet Occupation of Poland 1939

  Lithuanian Invasion of Poland

•  II Wojna Swiatowa

  Polish Armed Forces

•  Polish Armed Forces in the West

•  Polish Armed Forces in the East

  Polish WWII Events Timeline

•  Polish Underground State

  Polish Facts and Figures in World War II

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Government in Exile

   Polish Government in Exile

   Poland in Exile

General Wladyslaw Sikorski(Left) General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the London Polish Government in exile and  Commander in Chief of the Polish Armed Forces inspects Polish troops with King George VI.

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Uprisings

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising MonumentMonument to the Ghetto Heroes  Category : Polish Rebellions

  Category : Poland Campaignbox Templates
  Template : Polish Uprisings

  Bar Confederation

  Kościuszko Uprising 1794

  Greater Poland Uprising 1794 /Powstanie Wielkopolskie 1794 roku

  Greater Poland Uprising 1806

  November Uprising 1830 / Powstanie Listopadowe 1830 roku

  Greater Polish Uprising 1846 / Powstanie Wielkopolskie 1846 roku

  Kraków Uprising 1846

  Greater Poland Uprising 1848 / Powstanie Wielkopolskie 1848 roku

  January Uprising 1863 / Powstanie Styczniowe 1863 roku

Warsaw Rising MonumentWarsaw Rising Monument

  Uprising of Polish Political Exiles in Siberia 1866
  Łódź Insurrection 1905

  Greater Poland Uprising 1918 – 1919

  Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 1943

  Warsaw Rising 1944 / Powstanie Warszawskie 1944 roku

  List of People in the Warsaw Rising 1944

  Polish Embassy in Beirut 1947

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Communism

The 'Cursed soldiers' The so-called 'Cursed soldiers' of the Polish anti-communist underground.

  History of Poland (1945 – 1989)

  History of Poland (1945 – 1989)

 Polish People’s Republic

  The Historical Setting – The Polish People’s Republic

  40 Years of Communism in Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish History – Democracy

   History of Poland (1989 – Present)

Solidarity protestSolidarność (Solidarity) protests of the 1980's that led to the final collapse of the Polish communist regime in 1989.

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Politics – Constitutions

  Constitution of May 3, 1791

  The Constitution of The Republic of Poland of April 2nd, 1997 (194 Articles)

  Constitution of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Politics - Elections

Poland - 25 years of free electionsPoland - 25 years of free elections

  Elections in Poland
  Sejm of Congress Poland

  Sejm of the Republic of Poland

  Sejm of the Republic of Poland

  List of Polish Prime Ministers

  List of Prime Ministers of Poland

  List of Heads of State of Poland

  President of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Religion

The-Black-Madonna-of-CzestochowaThe Black Madonna of Częstochowa

  Religion in Poland

  Baptism of Poland

  Roman Catholicism in Poland

  Polish Orthodox Church

  History of the Jews in Poland

  Islam in Poland

  Buddhism in Poland

  Hinduism in Poland

  Baha’i Faith in Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Religion - Paganism

The-Hands-of-God “The Hands of God” - Slavic pagan symbol

  Polish-Anti-Religious Campaign

  Poland-Paganism and Non-Christian Religions

  Polish Neo-Paganism at the Brink of the 21st Century

  Slavic Neopaganism

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Church - Records

St. Florian's Cathedral, WarsawSt. Florian's Cathedral, Warsaw.

  Poland Church Records

  Polish Cathedral

  List of 66 Cathedrals in Poland

  List of Roman Catholic 16 Archdioceses & 28 Dioceses

  Polish Cemeteries – History, Styles and Regional Differences

  Category : Burials in Poland

  Polish Cemetery Guides and Necrologies

  List of 148 Polish War Cemeteries in 16 Countries

  Pope John Paul II

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Culture

Grand Theatre, WarsawGrand Theatre, Warsaw.

  Culture of Poland

  Music of Poland

  Category : 9 Opera Houses in Poland

  Theatre of Poland

  Category : 23 Leading Theatres in Poland

  List of 447 Polish Universities (121 Government & 326 private)

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Museums

The Museum of History of Polish Jews, WarsawThe Museum of History of Polish Jews, Warsaw.

  Category : Museums in Poland (20 types)

  List of 121 Registered Museums in Poland

  Category : Registered Museums in Poland

  Category : 176 Museums in Poland by Voivodeship

  Category : 61 History Museums in Poland

  Category : 25 Military Museums in Poland

  Category : 47 Art Museums and Galleries in Poland

  Category : 52 Museums in Warsaw

  Category : 35 Museums in Krakow

  Pictures of Leading Polish Museums

  14 World Heritage Sites of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Geography

Tatra MountainsWestern Tatra Mountains

  Geography of Poland

  Geography of Poland

  8 Borders of Poland

  Poland A and B

  Geography & Maps

  Geography Travel

  List of 919 Cities and Towns in Poland

  List of 2,612 Caves of Poland

  23 Major Forests of Poland

  Bialowieza Forest

  24 National Parks of Poland

  18 Islands of Poland

  44 Mountain Ranges of Poland

  48 Tatra Mountain summits

  29 Longest Rivers of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Geography - Regions

Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship flagŚwiętokrzyskie Voivodeship flag

  Voivodeship – Poland

  Flags of Polish Voivodeships

  Coats of Arms of Polish Voivodeships

  Category : Regions of Poland

  Category : Historical Regions of Poland

  Polish Historical Regions

  Past and Present Regions of Poland

PHS_logo_subheadPolish Geography – Voivodeships / Wojewodztwo

Voivodeships / WojewodztwoPolish Voivodeships / Wojewodztwo

  Greater Poland Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Wielkopolskie

  Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Kujawsko-Pomorskie

  Lesser Poland Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Malopolskie

  Lodz Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Lodzkie

  Lower Silesian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Dolnoslaskie

  Lublin Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Lubelskie

  Lubusz Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Lubuskie

  Masovian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Mazowieckie

  Opole Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Opolskie

  Podlaskie Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Podlaskie

  Pomeranian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Pomorskie

  Silesian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Slaskie

  Podkarpackie Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Podkarpackie

  Swietokrzyskiw Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Swietokrzyskie

  Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Warminsko-Mazurskie

  West Pomeranian Voivodeship / Wojewodztwo Zachodniopomorskie

PHS_logo_subheadPolish  – Chess

Akiba RubinsteinAkiba Rubinstein

  Polish Chess Federation

  Interview : Tomasz Delega, President of Polish Chess Federation

  Category : Polish Chess

  List of Polish Chess Masters

  Polish Chess Championship

  Akiba Rubinstein & Polish Chess: YouTube 1/3

  Akiba Rubinstein & Polish Chess: YouTube 3/3

  Jan Herman Zukertort – Poland’s Greatest Grandmaster
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